The British Dependent Territory of Hong Kong consists of Victoria (commonly known as Hong Kong Island), the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, and 235 outlying islands, totalling 1,078 sq km. It is situated on the southeastern coastline of China, facing the South China Sea. To its north is the province of Guangdong (formerly called Canton) whose provincial capital of Guangzhou (Canton City), is 135 km away from Hong Kong. China’s capital city of Beijing (Peking) is about 2,000 km further north. The territory measures 38 km from north to south and 50 km from east to west.